Root canals have been a long standing treatment at many dental offices across the United States. The procedure is used to alleviate pain and remove diseased tooth pulp, typically after a tooth infection or severe tooth decay. While the procedure does alleviate pain and gets patients back to chewing, the procedure can fail. Root canal failures result in more pain and unavoidable tooth extraction. There is an alternative to the traditional root canals that can treat tooth decay without risking the loss of the tooth. This alternative is found in biomimetic dentistry.
For many patients, the root canal or pulpectomy procedure happens as a result of tooth decay. But it can happen two ways, directly as a result of severe, untreated tooth decay, or as a result of a failed dental filling treatment to treat the tooth decay. When tooth decay is left untreated, the enamel is compromised and begins to disintegrate away, leaving the pulp portion of the tooth exposed. The dental pulp is the living tissue of the tooth, the functions of the pulp include keeping the enamel and other hard tissue alive by supplying nutrients, production of hard dentin tissue that helps to form the tooth during development, and senses changes in temperature, pressure, and pain.